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TOKAJI Akihiko

Faculty
Department of Social Psychology
Institute of Social Sciences
21th Century Human Interaction Research Center
Institute of Human Sciences
Course of Social Psychology
PositionProfessor
Mailtokaji[at]toyo.jp In case of sending E-mail, please alternate [at] to @
HomepageURL
Birthday
Last Updated :2019/03/12

Researcher Profile and Settings

Education

  • Doshisha University, Graduate School, Division of Letters
  • Doshisha University, Faculty of Literature

Degree

  • Master of Literature, Doshisha University

Academic & Professional Experience

  •   2000 , - Hiroshima University, Associate Professor
  •   1994  - 2000 ,  Hiroshima Prefectural University, Lecturer
  •   1991  - 1994 ,  Doshisha University, Part-time Instructor

Research Activities

Research Areas

  • Informatics, Cognitive science
  • Psychology, Social psychology
  • Psychology, Experimental psychology

Research Interests

    emotion, motivation, experiences accompanied by "kandoh (the state of being emotionally moved)", resilience

Published Papers

  • Effects of discrete negative emotions for risk taking based on cognitive appraisal theory., (50) 33 - 54, 03 15
  • A Study for Events in Workplace Enhanced Work Motivation(2)Focusing on Work Experiences Related to "Awareness of One's Responsibility" and "Awareness of One's Role", 51, (1) 27 - 43, 01
  • A study on head nurses' recognition of their roles, 50, (4) 275 - 284, 10
  • Effects of discrete negative emotions for risk taking based on cognitive appraisal theory, 50, (0) 33 - 54
  • A study on head nurses' recognition of their roles, Hirata Akemi, Tokaji Akihiko, Journal of the Japan Society for Healthcare Administration, Journal of the Japan Society for Healthcare Administration, 50, (4) 275 - 284
  • Influences of cultural views of self and work values on organizational citizenship behavior in occupational life: a survey of young workers, Japanese Association of Industrial・Organizational Psychology journal, Japanese Association of Industrial・Organizational Psychology journal, 24, (2) 89 - 101, 02
  • A Study for Events in Workplace Enhanced Work Motivation : Concerning Both Experiences of Achievement and of Estimation, (9) 33 - 42
  • A Study of the Factors Influencing the Living Stability of Female Ostomates, ISHINO Reiko, MOON Jong Seong, TOKAJI Akihiko, The bulletin of Kansai University of Health Sciences, The bulletin of Kansai University of Health Sciences, 4, 100 - 109, 09
  • Examination of the Relationship between Customer Satisfaction and the Motivation to Exercise among Outpatients Practicing Therapeutic Exercises, TANAKA RYO, TOKAJI AKIHIKO, Rigakuryoho kagaku, Rigakuryoho kagaku, 25, (2) 157 - 163, 04 20
  • A conceptual review of the organizational identification: integration of organizational identification into organizational commitment, Hiroshima University management review, Hiroshima University management review, (10) 51 - 66, 03
  • A review of literature about adaptation to career of novice nurses, Hiroshima University management review, Hiroshima University management review, (10) 67 - 74, 03
  • Examination of the Cross-Validity of Customer Satisfaction Scale Based on Need Satisfaction : a Survey of Rehabilitation Services, TANAKA RYO, TOKAJI AKIHIKO, Rigakuryoho kagaku, Rigakuryoho kagaku, 25, (1) 95 - 101, 02 20
  • Development of a work values scale, Japanese Association of Industrial・Organizational Psychology journal, Japanese Association of Industrial・Organizational Psychology journal, 23, (2) 145 - 154, 02
  • Examination of the Cross-Validity of Customer Satisfaction Scale Based on, 25, (1) 95 - 101
  • Examination of the Cross-Validity of Customer Satisfaction Scale Based on Need Satisfaction: a Survey of Rehabilitation Services, TANAKA Ryo, TOKAJI Akihiko, Journal of exercise physiology, Journal of exercise physiology, 25, (1) 95 - 101
  • Examination of the Factorial Validity of the Customer Satisfaction Scale Based on Need Satisfaction : a Survey of Rehabilitation Services, TANAKA RYO, TOKAJI AKIHIKO, Rigakuryoho kagaku, Rigakuryoho kagaku, 24, (5) 737 - 744, 10 20
  • Examination of Reliability, Content Validity and Criterion Validity of the Customer Satisfaction Scale Based on Need Satisfaction : a Study in Rehabilitation Services, TANAKA RYO, TOKAJI AKIHIKO, Rigakuryoho kagaku, Rigakuryoho kagaku, 24, (4) 569 - 575, 08 20
  • Development of the short version of the Work Values Scale, Eguchi Keiichi, Tokaji Akihiko, THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL & SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL & SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 49, (1) 84 - 92
  • Item analysis for development of customer satisfaction scale based on need satisfaction : a preliminary study in rehabilitation services, (18) 33 - 39
  • Examination of the Factorial Validity of the Customer Satisfaction Scale Based on Need Satisfaction: a Survey of Rehabilitation Services, TANAKA Ryo, TOKAJI Akihiko, Journal of exercise physiology, Journal of exercise physiology, 24, (5) 737 - 744
  • Examination of Reliability, Content Validity and Criterion Validity of the Customer Satisfaction Scale Based on Need Satisfaction a Study in Rehabilitation Services:a Study in Rehabilitation Services, TANAKA Ryo, TOKAJI Akihiko, Journal of exercise physiology, Journal of exercise physiology, 24, (4) 569 - 575
  • Item analysis for development of customer satisfaction scale based on need satisfaction: a preliminary study in rehabilitation services, Journal of physical therapy practice and research, Journal of physical therapy practice and research, (18) 33 - 39
  • Research on sense of coherence of ostomate and psychological health, Journal of Japanese Society of Stoma and Continence Rehabilitation, Journal of Japanese Society of Stoma and Continence Rehabilitation, 24, (3) 109 - 117, 12
  • ASSESSMENT OF THE MATURITY OF THE OCCUPATIONAL AWARENESS OF STUDENTS SPECIALIZING IN MIDWIFERY : AGAINST A BACKGROUND OF SEPARATION FROM NURSING WORK BY RECENT GRADUATES, FUJII Hiroko, TOKAJI Akihiko, Journal of the Japan Society for Healthcare Administration, Journal of the Japan Society for Healthcare Administration, 45, (3) 205 - 214, 07 01
  • A study for factorial validity of the Work Values Scale., (7) 37 - 47, 03 22
  • A study for factorial validity of the work values scale, Hiroshima University management review, Hiroshima University management review, (7) 37 - 47, 03
  • A review of the emotional labor research among human service professionals : Toward a new perspective of the emotional labor in the rehabilitation service professionals, Togashi Seiji, Tokaji Akihiko, Journal of Osaka Kawasaki Rehabilitation University, Journal of Osaka Kawasaki Rehabilitation University, 0, 33 - 41
  • A study about factors concerned with vocational development of newcomer midwives : Based on a survey concerning maturity of occupational readiness for students majored in midwifery, Fujii Hiroko, Tokaji Akihiko, Hiroshima University management review, Hiroshima University management review, 4, 217 - 225, 03 19
  • Factor analysis regarding the career formation in terms of the period layer of the nursing occupation, Yamauchi kyoko, Tokajii Akihiko, Hiroshima University management review, Hiroshima University management review, 4, 209 - 216, 03 19
  • A historical review of stress research : Toward a new perspective of occupational stress research, Eguchi Keiichi, Tokaji Akihiko, Hiroshima University management review, Hiroshima University management review, 4, 195 - 208, 03 19
  • Research on Decision Making of Hospital Top-Manager, Sakanashi Kaoru, Yasukawa Fumiaki, Tokaji Akihiko, Hiroshima University management review, Hiroshima University management review, 4, 185 - 194, 03 19
  • The Understanding and Sharing of Information about Elderly People in the Community : The Case of H City, Koseki Yuji, Tokaji Akihiko, Hiroshima University management review, Hiroshima University management review, 4, 175 - 184, 03 19
  • Role of nursing in the postoperative patients' daily life restructuring : For the rectal cancer postoperative patients, Ishino Reiko, Tokaji Akihiko, Hiroshima University management review, Hiroshima University management review, 4, 165 - 174, 03 19
  • Determinant factors of Work-Motivation : A study on the positions of office staffs belonging to a certain national university, Nonohara Shinji, Tokaji Akihiko, Hiroshima University management review, Hiroshima University management review, 4, 113 - 125, 03 19
  • Effects of experiences accompanied by "kandoh (the state of being emotionally moved)" : Mechanisms for a change of important aspects in individuals, Tokaji Akihiko, Hiroshima University management review, Hiroshima University management review, 4, 27 - 37, 03 19
  • The effects of chewing gum on memory : An experimental study with gum included the extract of Ginkgo biloba (EGB), Tokaji Akihiko, Hiroshima University management review, Hiroshima University management review, 2, 31 - 40, 03 20
  • Business Strategies of the Regional Retailer Based on Regional Factors and Customer Satisfaction : A Study of Seasonal Factors and Several Segments, (13) 81 - 95, 03
  • The Exodus of Young People from Hilly and Mountainous Areas as a Factor of the Breakdown of the Regional Economy and the Relationship to Satisfaction with their Lifestyles : An Investigation of the Indispensable Psycho-social and Economic Factors for Indi, (13) 35 - 51, 03
  • Mechanisms for Evoking Emotional Responses of "Kandoh(The State of Being Emotionally Moved)", TOKAJI Akihiko, Cognitive Studies, Cognitive Studies, 8, (4) 360 - 368, 12 01
  • A Human Engineering Study concerning Color Combinations on a Computer Display in VDT Work, Tokaji Akihiko, Hiroshima University management review, Hiroshima University management review, 1, 39 - 48, 03 31
  • The outflow of young people from hilly and mountainous area as a factor of the breakdown of regional economy and the level of satisfaction in their living : Investigation of the indispensable psycho-social and economic factors for the endogenous developme, (12) 93 - 108, 03
  • Correlates of Customer Satisfaction and the Regional Retailer : The case of a small size of retailer in the city of Higashi-Hiroshima, (12) 81 - 92, 03
  • The actual conditions of hospital administration reform in hiroshima prefecture, SAKANISHI Kaoru, YASUKAWA Fumiaki, TSURU Satoko, TOKAJI Akihiko, HYODO Keiko, Journal of Hiroshima Prefectural College of Health Sciences, humanity and science, Journal of Hiroshima Prefectural College of Health Sciences, humanity and science, 1, (1) 23 - 32, 03
  • A study on the relationship between experimental conflict and degree of conflict in individuals., TOKAJI AKIHIKO, HAMA HARUYO, Jpn. Psychol. Res, Jpn. Psychol. Res, 35, (3) 140 - 147

Misc

  • Research of Discharge support of patients who received surgical treatment : Recognition on head of surgical nursing, Ishino Reiko, Tokaji Akihiko, Hiroshima University management review, 5,   2005 03 19
  • A review for development of a work values scale, Eguchi Keiichi, Tokaji Akihiko, Hiroshima University management review, 5,   2005 03 19
  • Research on Adjustment Support after Operative Treatment : Recognition of the Head of Surgical Nursing on Discharge Education and Cooperation of Health Medical Welfare Teams, "Ishino Reiko, Tokaji Akihiko", Kawasaki medical welfare journal, 16, (1) 41 - 51,   2006 , "To clarify the adjustment supports of post-discharge patients who received operative treatment, 234 hospitals were randomly selected from a nationwide list of hospitals with 300 beds or more, and a questionnaire survey was conducted with the heads of surgical nursing staff. The contents were about discharge education and cooperation with health medical welfare staffs in hospitals and communities (response rate 53.8%). Discharge education indicated hospitals that have continuing nursing sections and patient clinic rooms where guidance is given in order to adjust to the handicap of post-operative treatment and life. Cooperation between staffs in the hospital recognized that there are many problems in the hospital when patient clinic rooms don't exist and cooperation is minimal. As for cooperation with hospital and health medical welfare staffs in the community, cooperation was advanced with the hospitals existing discharge plan. In that case, there were a lot of ratios to provide individual information without obtaining the patient's consent (p<0.01). From the above results, there were problems in discharge education and in cooperation of hospital and health medical welfare staffs in communities, and it was clarified that the preparation for post-operative patient's reception was not well established. The necessity of adaptive support for post-operative patients whose lives will be permanently altered, both mentally and physically was suggested."
  • Analysis of Factors Relating to Senior Citizens Subjective Sense of Well-being in the Context of Regional Characteristics, (6) 111 - 120,   2006 03 22
  • Factors Influencing Customers' Satisfaction in Rehabilitation Service of Day Care : A Qualitative Analysis(Report Supported by JPTA Grant), Tanaka R., The Journal of Japanese Physical Therapy Association, 36, (2) 94 - 95,   2009 04 20
  • Examination of the relationship between customer satisfaction and the motivation for exercises among therapeutic exercise practitioner : A Cross sectional study on the many institutions intervening physical therapist(Reports Supported by JPTA Grant), Tanaka R, The Journal of Japanese Physical Therapy Association, 37, (2) 108 - 109,   2010 04 20
  • Research regarding the career formation and self concept of the nursing occupation, Yamauchi Kyoko, Tokaji Akihiko, Integrated studies in nursing science, 5, (2) 6 - 17,   2004 , The change of the environment that surrounds, the nursing occupation today is remarkable. The person who are engaging in the nursing occupation are expected that they are forming the career of self oneself with the responsibility of a piece individual as the professional occupation. The nursing occupation is forming the career as the self effort of a piece individual through the support of the present post education organization etc. of each organization, through the nursing practice of from day to day. This survey carried out the person who are clinical and engage in the nursing business to an object widely. The purpose of this research is that it announces how the attitude and self concept to the career formation of the nursing occupation piece individual are related. Assuming that there be job itself of the result, nursing a meaning as for the person who is catching the job continuation intention was strong. They when self oneself is being evaluated in a workplace and the consideration on the working style be done catching was. Also, as for the strong person of the growth desire as the nursing occupation the speciality nature inclination was strong as the direction nature of the career formation. They were causing the action that participates in the training meeting of hospital inside and hospital outside actively. These admitted the experience years and age and correlation of the nursing occupation piece individual. Especially, these related with that there is self-confidence in self oneself as the nursing occupation. Also, it was related that the degree of their growth desire is strong. The above was causing that self realization inclination strengthened through their nursing business.
  • Research for determinant factors and features of emotional responses of "kandoh" (the state of being emotionally moved), Japanese Psychological Research, 45, (4) 235 - 249,   2003
  • A Review of Studies on Emotional States during Pregnancy and After Delivery, 33, (1) 104 - 121,   1990
  • A Study on the Relationship between Experimental Conflict and degree of Conflict in Individuals, AKIHIKO TOKAJI, HARUYO HAMA, Japanese Psychological Research, 35, (3) 140 - 147,   1993
  • The Structure of Knowledge about Emotion, 6, (2) 119 - 144,   1994
  • A Study of Emotional Expressions in Computer-mediated Communication -The Way of Using Emotion Expressive Marks-, The Bulletin of Hiroshima Prefectural University, 8, (2) 125 - 139,   1997
  • Making Practical Use of the Internet for Research -Methods of Conducting Psychological Research-, The Bulletin of Hiroshima Prefectural University, 9, (2) 73 - 92,   1998
  • A Human Engineering Study concerning Color Combinations on a Computer Display in VDT Work, Hiroshima University Management Review, (1) 39 - 48,   2001
  • A Prototype Model on the Distance Educational System among Hiroshima Prefectural Universities, The Bulletin of Hiroshima Prefectural University, 12, (2) 37 - 56,   2001
  • The Rorschach index of atopic dermatitis in children, 1993 International Congress of Health Psychology: Proceedings,   1993
  • Interpretative hypothesis on the 'dancing' response in the Rorschach test, General psychology and environmental psychology: Proceedings of the 22nd international Congress of Applied Psychology,Vol.2,   1992
  • The effects of emotion on cognition, ⅩⅩⅣ International Congress of Psychology: Proceedings,   1988
  • Differences in thinking process based on degree of anxiety toward and degree of experience with computer manipulation, Proceedings of the Second International Congress on Cognitive Science and the 16th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Cognitive Science Society Joint Conference,   1999
  • A Study of Interpretative Hypothesis on the "Dancing" Response in the Rorschach Test, (40) 24 - 51,   1991
  • Present Trustworthiness as Future Risk Perception:Case in Japanese Health Care Policy, Society for Risk Analysis2004 Annual Meeting,   2004

Books etc

  • Handbook of Personality
      1998

Conference Activities & Talks

  • A Study for Enhancement of Work Motivation(2)Factors Affecting Degree of the Resilience, JCSS Japanese Congnitive Science Society,   2014
  • A Study of Making Scenarios for enhancing Work Motivation(9)Content Analyses concerning various Aspects of Estimation in Workplace that influenced People's Work Motivation, JCSS Japanese Congnitive Science Society,   2013
  • The Factors affecting Work-Motivation : A Case of Office Staffs belonging to a certain National University,   2003

Research Grants & Projects

  • An Empirical Study of Business Strategy and Decision Making by Medical Facility Managers : Developing a Decision-Making Model, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(基盤研究(C)), Kaoru SAKANASHIN, Research Objective : Medical facility management operates within an increasingly harsh business environment as it tries to maintain and expand high quality medical service for community residents. Our objective is to ascertain and analyze the ways in which managers determine business strategy and make decisions as they manage their institutions. With this information, will develop the "business strategy and decision-making procedures model for hospital facility managers"Results : When organizational decisions are made in hospitals, top-level committees examine the issues and the hospital director usually gives the final approval. As such, most hospitals use the same decision-making process as ordinary companies. Our examination of actual hospital decision making shows that it is multifaceted, with top priority being given to stable management and provision of full medical services to patients. But, closer examination shows varying patterns that conform to policies encouraging medical reform, and so forth. However, there were differences among facilities with different numbers and classification of sickbeds, and financial strength with very costly matters and investment requiring matters were concerned. In general, intra-hospital organizational conflict seemed to occur due to the impact of unavoidable restrictions on institutions and the characteristic autonomy of specialists. There was little conflict in management. The proponents are mainly the hospital directors, and final decisions are made at central meetings such as management meetings and board meetings, and are top-down in style. Because decisions are made from top to bottom, the challenge was to infiltrate those decisions to all the staff at the institution. Organizational decision making in hospitals was clarified in this study as follows : 1.Strategic decisions about hospital management are influenced by the external environment. 2.Hospital size, financial strength, and the qualifications of top management (judgment, decision, leadership, and negotiating skills) all have an influence. 3.The external environment includes a)the socioeconomic impact of government and bureaucratic medical reforms, revised medical fees, and so forth, b)regional characteristics and competing hospitals, and, c) demographic movements and trends and new ideas among patients (consumers), potential consumers, and so forth in applicable regions. 4.As far as the influence of the socioeconomic impact of policy reform are concerned, the ability of top management to quickly perceive and respond to change and a hospital's organizational size, sickbed classification, financial strength, and so forth all have an influence. 5.In case of regional characteristics and competing hospitals, it is important applicable hospitals must know and differentiate their selling points and strengths. 6.When there are demographic movements and trends and new ideas among patients (consumers) and potential consumers in applicable regions, it is important for hospitals to pursue enhanced patient services and improve management relations. 7.The process of organizational decision making in hospitals is the same as the process used in ordinary companies, but the top manager's disposition has a greater force, and the challenge to infiltrate decisions to all the staff in the institution that have the characteristics of a specialist group. 8.The evaluation of the decision making was largely based on patient satisfaction.
  • A study for the effectiveness of kandoh (the state of being emotionally moved) on experiences in workplace enhanced motivation, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(基盤研究(C)), Akihiko TOKAJI, This study was focused on the matter that young people resigned from their jobs. As it is thought that one of the causes of that matter may not be enhanced their motivation to work, it is examined for methods evoked kandoh (the state of being emotionally moved) on experiences in workplace enhanced motivation effectively. As the results of some researches, it was found that after many people often experienced kandoh through good human relations, achievement, evaluation, and awareness of their responsibility or role in workplace, and these events leaded to enhancement of their motivation. Especially, it is suggested that it is important that there is relationship based on respect or reliance in their human relations in workplace..
  • Mechanisms for evoking emotional responses of "Kandoh (the state of being emotionally moved)"
  • Study on Emotion and Cognition